Topic outline

  • PREMISE

    CONTEXT

     

    Rap and Parkour have a very wide audience, especially in the young world, although they continue to be practiced by disadvantaged groups of young people from the economic, ethnic, urban and cultural context, implying the dissemination of values ​​and behaviors that are not educational: the line between art, display and vandalism are always subtle. In addition, spontaneous initiatives are often found among young practitioners who, if not properly prepared and performed as safe practices, can lead to serious accidents.

    Music education means the development of instrumental skills and understanding of music, but also education in creativity, respect for rules, listening to others, a whole series of transversal elements, typical of each discipline. Music supports and accompanies young people to deal with difficult tensions: individualization, autonomy, relationship with others and with themselves. Rap was chosen because it is in tune with parkour and has a very high degree of diffusion in the partner countries among the younger ones.

    As for Parkour, according to a recent methodology developed by Natalia Ivanova, a Danish professor of physical education, her philosophy demands not only to challenge herself but to develop the best behavior: drugs and alcohol can give a distorted view of things, Parkour teaches to calculate far distances, to have a concentration and a definite perception of reality. Rap and Parkour can also help young people understand each place as a place, a place to practice, preserving it from destructive acts, becoming a way to combat vandalism in cities, which produces significant monetary damages.

     

    OBJECTIVES

     

    The challenge of the ЯAPKOUR project is to create a methodology that integrates the creativity of youngsters in the local communities, in order to design an educational path that strengthens the sharing and promotion of urban spaces, creativity and physical/sporting activities. The aim is to promote rap and parkour in correct and legal contexts, that can bring positive values, stimulating artistic expression and participation and develop civic and social skills. The involvement of youngsters from marginal situations, or of social and cultural disease, with ‘street’ disciplines, allows them to be used to promote ideas such as: social inclusion, fighting discrimination and intercultural dialogue, encouraging the sharing of ideas, knowledge and skills, through informal and formal learning path. This allows us to use the new expressive languages of youngsters, as a resource for the community, and promote them as they are capable of cultural and economic innovation.

     

    Through the use of rap and parkour, the specific objectives of the project are:

    - develop effective methods to reach marginalised youngsters, promoting inclusion, emancipation, participation and active citizenship of youngsters with less opportunities and at risk of social exclusion,

    - promote first rate social/educational activities aimed at supporting the capacities and professional development of the educators and of the youth workers to improve the learning of those that come from disadvantaged contexts.

     

    ACTIVITIES AND METHODOLOGY

     

    The project includes activities linked to the production of a set of intellectual outputs, amongst which guidelines for the two types of training activities selected: workshop for operators and courses for young learners.

    The main aim is to develop methodological guidelines based on training schemes that are functional (the curricula) and supported by reference didactic materials that, being linked to vocal and corporal expression activities, were essentially designed as Rap and Parkour performance-based sheets.

     

    To complement this, a multilingual E-Learning Platform was created to function both as a tool to permit interaction between those participating in the training activities, as well as a repository for didactic materials (text files, videos, manuals, images, articles, etc.).



  • TEAM BUILDING

    TEAM BUILDING

    General goals

    Promote the meeting of the participants

    Specific goals

    1. Have an overall idea of who is who in the group

    2. Promote a group cohesion

    3.Find common interests among the group

    4. Encourage a supportive working atmosphere

    Activity

    My name as a movement

    Duration

    Depends on the number of participants

    Methodology

    Each participant takes their place in a circle. The first one tells their name and a movement that they identify with. The second one repeats the first name and movement, and adds their own name and movement. They keep on, repeating and adding names and movements, until the circle is back to the first person.

    Variation 1, “fissa”: Same exercise, as fast as possible. Variation 2, “random” : They don’t follow the order of the circle, the person in action points at the next one. Variation 3, “random random”: The person in action designates the next one with their movement..

    Material

    None

    Activity

    My name as a rap

    Duration

    Depends on the number of participants

    Methodology

    Each participant takes their place in a circle. The first one tells their name with a couplet or a verse to introduce themselves. The second one repeats the name and verse, and tries to make a little rap about it, with rhymes and rhythm.

    Variation 1, “Named”: Same exercise, but the rapper repeats what has been said and adds their rap. Variation 2, “You not me”: The circle is first scanned so that each gives their name and a few important word for them (place, character, causes…). The activity begins, but each person of the circle calls the next one they choose by making up a rap based on the words they remember about the person.

    Material

    None

    Activity

    Dynamics of salutations

    Duration

    5-10 minutes

    Methodology

    The group wanders around the room, freely. At the coach’s signal, each person selects a partner in the vicinity and greets them in a certain way. This way of greeting will be described by the coach before the activity starts. The participants can suggest other ideas. Among others: diplomatic greeting, fearful greeting, “bear” greeting, alien greeting…

    Variation 1, “In rhythm”: Once it is done, the coach asks the youth to stand in a line, and they all do the greetings in a synchronized way. Variation 2, “Battle”: Two by two, participants face to each other. The winner is the one who doesn’t look down, laugh, or any constraint imposed by the coach.

    Material

    None

     

    Activity

    4 beats

    Duration

     30 minutes

    Methodology

    Introduction to the music theory of rap through the classic 4 by 4 rhythm. The idea is to internalize the musical style as much as to break the ice between participants

    Material

    Sound system

    Evaluation

    Amount of written texts and of recorded songs

     

     


     


    • KNOWLEDGE OF THE ENVIRONMENT

      KNOWLEDGE OF THE ENVIRONMENT

      General goals

      Know the features of the social, cultural, and architectural environment

      Specific goals

      1. Identify the characteristics and the specifics of the social and cultural environment

      2. Know the characteristics of the urban architecture

      3. Establish contact with the people that make an environment

      Activity

      Where do I live?

      Duration

      3-4 h

      Methodology

      In teams. A questionnaire will be handed out to the participants, about the characteristics of their environment, the problems they face where they live, the opportunities they get, the history of their cities or any important event that took place there.

      It’s best if they can contact someone who represents the local social and political entities, so that they enrich their own perspective on the neighborhood, its characteristics and its current needs.

      Variation, “singing”: One the questionnaire is filled out, those who desire can make a rap out of it -- to be, or not to be, presented to the others depending on how they feel about it.

      Material

      Paper, pens

      Activity

      Spot map

      Duration

      3-4 h

      Methodology

      In teams, and on a parkour spot. Under the supervision of a parkour expert, they will draw a map of the spot. If there is enough time, they may also make a model.

      Material

      Papers, pens, material for a model

      Activity

      Sensitive map of the environment

      Duration

      3-4 h

      Methodology

      In teams. Depending on their favorite activity, they will make a “sensitive” map of their neighborhood. Traceurs may use a nomenclature to differentiate the natural spots, the spots that are covered in case of rain, or with shade, at heights, in underprivileged neighborhoods… Rappers may draw the places they would suggest to practice in private, or those where they are sure to be heard, those where they can practice among friends, with a friend, where there is a sound system available…

      Variation, “singing”: One the questionnaire is filled out, those who desire can make a rap out of it -- to be, or not to be, presented to the others depending on how they feel about it

      Material

      Papers, pens, a map of their neighborhood

      Activity

      History of rap

      Duration

      1 h

      Methodology

      Workshop on history of rap as a means of social expression to conquers the origins back. Talk about the main rappers of each country. Broach the zulu nation and the 8 virtues of their charter: Respect, Politeness, Self-control, Humbleness, Sincerity, Courage, Honor, Friendship.

      Material

      None


      • HOBBIES AND FREE TIME

        HOBBIES AND FREE TIME

        General goals

        Find appropriate and safe alternatives regarding hobbies and free time

        Specific goals

        1. Know the youth’s hobbies and what they do in their free time

        2. Offer alternatives if the habits don’t fit with the fundamental values of coexistence and respect for the environment

        3. Find living spaces or routes for these activities

        4. Be able to suggest alternatives that the local authorities would be able to implement

        Activity

        "Dear colleagues, here we are"

        Duration

        3-4 h

        Methodology

        A questionnaire will be handed out, regarding what the youth do of their free time, how they use public spaces, if there are difficulties between youth groups, and anything that they may find interesting.

        A variation consists in organizing a conversation group where youths are invited to debate on these questions and to draw conclusions that help them tp design constructive activities.

        Material

        Papers, pens

        Activity

        A parkour route

        Duration

        Depending on the place

        Methodology

        A “squatting route” can be designed based on the outcomes of the previous activity, in the most sensitive places in the neighborhood in terms of social conflict or coexistence issues. The goal is to place signage that would suggest parkour runs tailored to different skill levels, so that those who want to practice would be guided towards alternatives to harmful hobbies.

        Material

        Papers, pens, signage

        Activity

        Parkour as a social manifesto

        Duration

        4-10h, depending on motivation and on coaches

        Methodology

        Practical workshop about the history of parkour, its characteristics and values, and its physical and technical aspects by experts in the field. The aim is for the participants to acquire the basic skills necessary for playing with obstacles on their own.

        Material

        Papers, pens

        Activity

        Rap as a social manifesto

        Duration

        4-10h, depending on motivation and on coaches

        Methodology

        Practical workshop about the history of rap, its characteristics and values, and its musical composition by experts in the field. The aim is for the participants to acquire the basic skills necessary to compose their first music tracks.

        Material

        Papers, pens, sound system

        Activity

        The rap of the alternatives

        Duration

        2h, depending on the group and the theme

        Methodology

        The idea is to create a composition in which all the information the participants gathered on  available, safe hobbies is expressed, under the supervision of a rap expert.

        The piece may then be recorded and given to local radio or to events, so that the message is handed out to other young people.

        This rap would be used as a means of expressing the lack of alternatives to harmful activities. Therefore the previous workshop has to be done first.

        Material

        Papers, pens

        Activity

        Parkour clip on a rap song

        Duration

        4-10h

        Methodology

        Together, rappers and tracers, produce a rap video clip. Depending on their skills, each person will do the writing, the music, the choreography of the parkour video clip, the filming or the recording, the editing… They can (but don’t have to) find inspiration in the themes tackled in the former activities.

        Material

        Papers, pens, sound system


        • EQUALITY, INTEGRATION, RESPECT, AND SOCIAL JUSTICE

          EQUALITY, INTEGRATION, RESPECT, AND SOCIAL JUSTICE

          General goals

          Identify group conflicts in the neighborhood, and have the participants themselves establish a proactive framework for respect and equality as a collective force

          Specific goals

          1. Know about the challenges in social cohabitation, their causes or origins

          2. Design and suggest measures for improving cohabitation, and the integration of people or groups of people.

          3. Organize activities for improving coexistence with the authorities

          Activity

          Parkour sharing

          Duration

          1h

          Methodology

          In teams. Limit the activity to a fraction of the parkour spot, and try to fill in the space as much as possible while jumping over obstacles without slowing down, and without getting in the way of the others. Anticipate each others’ movements, and adjust their own movements in a proactive way.

          Variation 1: moving to the rhythm of a piece of music. Variation 2: moving along with a friend who would rap, trying to listen to each other and to convey the same emotion.

          Material

          None

          Activity

          Parkour cooperation

          Duration

          1h

          Methodology

          In teams, with levels as heterogeneous as possible. Look for insurmountable obstacles, in terms of width as well as depth or precision. Overcome them while helping each other (human pyramids, pulling or pushing each other…). The most experienced traceurs must accept help, and take the hand that’s offered even if they don’t need it.

          Material

          None

          Activity

          The rap of sharing

          Duration

          1-3h

          Methodology

          Each person writes about situations that made them feel vulnerable, or an experience of discrimination. Those who desire it can share their experiences with the group, so as to share a moment of affirmation and intimacy. Then the group creates a common rap, a “manifesto of inequality.” If they are motivated to continue the experience, they can make a mural with pictures of the group, the text that has been written, and a selection of quotes from the discussion.

          Material

          Papers, pens, sound system

           

          Activity

          Poetry of human rights

          Duration

          1-2h

          Methodology

          The participants generate a list of human rights topics which they are most concerned about. These subjects are submitted to a vote, and the three winning ideas are selected and distributed to three teams. Each team is supervised by a coach to encourage debate, and to guide them into writing about the chosen topic. This text should rhyme and scan, be well-written and have a lasting impact, as if the group had to present it to the UN.

          Material

          Papers, pens, sound system


          • YOUTH AND ITS SOCIAL IDENTITY

            YOUTH AND ITS SOCIAL IDENTITY

            General goals

            Identify and express the challenges and potential of youth, compared to the rest of society

            Specific goals

            Design an analysis of the specific characteristics of this stage of life, the social image they project, and generate a manifesto showing a positive perspective of youth as proactive participants in society and culture.

            Activity

            Rap as a social movement around the world

            Duration

            1h

            Methodology

            A selection of rap music is suggested, that deals with social protest or the difficulties of youth.  The participants analyze the texts along with a coach, who leads a discussion on the topic, guided by the participants’ feelings.

            Material

            Sound system


            • SELF AWARENESS

              SELF AWARENESS

              General goals

              Work on self-awareness and on acceptance of each other’s skills and difficulties

              Specific goals

              1. Ponder their own emotional state

              2. Identify their personal difficulties regarding emotional and relational development

              3. Acknowledge their personal potential

              Activity

              Knowing your limits

              Duration

              1h

              Methodology

              In teams of two. One suggests movements or obstacles to clear, the other answers whether or not they feel able to do it. If they do, they must manage it in three attempts. If not, they must agree to leave it and come back to it when they are able (even if this is in the distant future). Then they must find an alternative in the same spirit, challenging but doable, and succeed at that in three attempts.

              Material

              None

              Activity

              Face to face with the mirror

              Duration

              30 min.

              Methodology

              Each participant is set in a remote place, sheltered from view, where they are given instrumental music to listen to (rap, or other). The person listens, and writes whatever crosses their mind, as if they were looking at themselves in a mirror or talking to themselves. The exercise is repeated with other instrumental pieces inspiring other emotions.

              Material

              List of instrumental music pieces, papers and pens.

              Activity

              My outline

              Duration

              40min-1h

              Methodology

              Teams of two. Each participant gets a two-meter-long paper roll, sharpies and pencils. The first one lies down on the paper, and the other draws the outline of his or her body. Then the roles are switched. Once this is done, some background music is played, and each person expresses their states of mind by drawing (no text) the way they feel towards themselves and towards others, how they think about their bodies, etc.  E.g., a time for introspection. A title is attributed to their piece of artwork (like they would name a song). All participants are then invited to look at each other’s pieces, in a silent and respectful atmosphere.

              Material

              Paper rolls, pens and sharpies, sound system

              Activity

              Multicultural analysis of rap

              Duration

              1h

              Methodology

              Analysis of the career and of the work of rappers whose social, ethnic and cultural identity reminds the participants of their own.

              Material

              A selection of raps from all over the world, with subtitles


              • EMOTIONAL SELF-REGULATION

                EMOTIONAL SELF-REGULATION

                General goals

                Understand what makes a relationship difficult, whether it be with their peers, authorities, or with themselves. Identify harmful reactions for themselves or for their environment.

                Specific goals

                1. Acknowledge their difficulties in situations of conflict

                2. Identify different kinds of reactions, internal or external, and how to regulate them

                3. Learning about safe and civic means to solving conflicts in situations of extreme discomfort

                Activity

                Emotions in movement

                Duration

                1h

                Methodology

                In teams. Take the four basic emotions: sadness, joy, anger/disgust, and surprise/fear. Translate each of them into a parkour language, with movements.

                Variation: Repeat the experiment, while listening to the rap of one of the participants, who will have to convey one of those emotions in the language they choose.

                Material

                None, potentially sound system

                Activity

                The hierarchy of needs

                Duration

                1h

                Methodology

                Theoretical and practical workshop on the theory of the hierarchy of needs and on internal and external aggression (see explanation in annex)

                Material

                None

                Activity

                The circle of influence, the circle of preoccupations.

                Duration

                40min

                Methodology

                Based on the first exercise in Stephen Covey’s book, The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. Identify problems, understand demoralizing patterns, learn how to solve them by choosing the best available option. Parkour is a discipline that helps to express people’s energy, and that at the same time involves facing frustration and failure, and knowing how to react to it. How to extrapolate this method to challenges in life?

                Activity

                Parkour as a mirror of my life

                Duration

                About 1h, discussion included

                Methodology

                Un “run” de parkour ou un enchaînement d’exercices est conçu, que le groupe doit pratiquer seul et en groupe, puis une réflexion est faite sur la façon dont chacun exprime sa frustration et comment il peut apprendre à la canaliser. C’est un moyen pour chacun d’être à l’écoute, d’identifier ses difficultés et d’utiliser parkour pour voir comment, au quotidien, il exprime également sa frustration et son agressivité et comment le résoudre.

                Material

                None


                • SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS AND SOCIAL NETWORKS

                  SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS AND SOCIAL NETWORKS

                  General goals

                  1. Know the mechanisms of social relationships, as well as each person’s related difficulties and challenges

                  2. Identify the specific features of relationships in online social networks, and develop a critical stance towards bad habits that make communication and respect harder

                  Specific goals

                  1. Identify what generates conflict in social relationships, and learn how to solve it

                  2. Recognize the benefits and drawbacks of online social networks in terms of relationships, communication and friendship

                  3. Suggest commitments that will help improve the elements they want to change

                  Activity

                  Youtube face to face

                  Duration

                  1h

                  Methodology

                  Imagine situations that lead to tension in social networks. For each situation, make a short rap in which the first couplet imitates a classic answer face to face, and the second the same answer behind a screen -- most typically in the comment section of YouTube. Think about the consequences.

                  Material

                  None


                  • MOTIVATION AND CALLING

                    MOTIVATION AND CALLING

                    General goals

                    Find activities or commitments that motivate the participants and that allow them to feel fulfilled

                    Specific goals

                    1. Identify acts or situations that provoke a loss of motivation in life

                    2. Recognize what provokes a renewal in motivation, and what leads participants to being more proactive or more compromising

                    Activity

                    The potential of nothingness

                    Duration

                    1h

                    Methodology

                    In teams. Limit each team to a fraction of the parkour spot, voluntarily poor in movements. Make a list of all the available moves, and all their variations. Then, find a way to connect them all, each participant in their own ways. Compare the feeling of achievement to their doubts at the beginning, and think about how it translates into life.

                    Material

                    None

                    Activity

                    Coaching on each person’s calling

                    Duration

                    2h

                    Methodology

                    Research and analysis on each participant’s callings (see exercises in annex).

                    Material

                    None


                    • FUTURE PROJECTS

                      FUTURE PROJECTS

                      General goals

                      Generate enthusiasm regarding the future and commitment of each participant, as a function of what motivates them and generates satisfaction

                      Specific goals

                      1. Design a personal life path that motivates participants at a personal, social, educational, and familial level

                      2. Design internal mechanisms to adjust their life paths, and generate options for catching up with commitments if they fall behind at any point

                      Activity

                      My models

                      Duration

                      2h

                      Methodology

                      In teams. Do an internet search on rap or parkour. List the job prospects, whether they are direct (artist, athlete, coach), or indirect (mastering sound or video tools, project management, developing values for life…). Each participant traces a hypothetical life-path.

                      Material

                      Internet, papers and pens

                      Activity

                      Back to the future

                      Duration

                      2h

                      Methodology

                      Each participant imagines themselves one year in the future, and pictures their situation: with their friends, with their studies/their jobs, with their passions and issues. From this situation, they come back to the present time while visualizing three key moments not to mess up in order to reach this ideal future. They can potentially make a rap out of it.

                      Activity

                      The dynamics of Merlin

                      Duration

                      2h

                      Methodology

                      Je dois demander le matériel pour le développer théoriquement. L'explication en annexe sera jointe.

                      Material

                      Cardboard, sharpies and pencils, magazines to cut out, glue


                      • VIDEO REPOSITORY

                      • LINKOGRAPHY